After reinstalling Ubuntu today, I saw that it changed a lot since the last time I installed it. One big difference is the new Unity desktop interface, which is basically the main reason it looked so different. After discovering some more new features, I decided to write a post about how to install Ubuntu to show
my undying love it off.
The installation process was easier than ever. In fact, it is so easy that the main challenge is to actually start the Ubuntu installation. I’ll begin with the Ubuntu installation process detailing each step. I didn’t take screenshots while installing Ubuntu, so the images are from Ubuntu’s homepage and they show Ubuntu installed alongside another older version of Ubuntu.
Download it: Obviously, you first need to download Ubuntu. Afterwards, burn it on a DVD using a CD burner software such as ImgBurn. Preferably burn it on a rewritable DVD since you need it only once and Ubuntu gets new versions around twice a year. Alternatively, you can install it using a USB drive with the steps described on the Ubuntu homepage.
Start the setup: To start the Ubuntu installation, restart your computer. If the installation process doesn’t start even though you have the DVD in the drive (or the USB connected) you either need to configure the Boot Order through BIOS or you didn’t burn the DVD properly. You can find more information about how to boot from CD on the Ubuntu Help page. From this point on, the installation is pretty much a piece of cake.
Welcome page: After the installation starts, you’ll get to choose the language of the Ubuntu setup. On the same page, you get to select if you want to try Ubuntu without installing it or if you want to go ahead and install it.
Choosing the installation language and if you want to install or just try out Ubuntu
Preparation page: On this screen, the Ubuntu setup will make sure that your computer actually has enough space for installing Ubuntu on it. It also makes sure that you aren’t running on battery (so that they don’t run out in the middle of the installation). You can also connect to Internet at this stage. This allows you to install the newest modules directly during installation.
You might want Internet access while preparing for the Ubuntu installation to have the latest modules installed.
Allocating space to Ubuntu: This stage depends on what Operating System you have on your computer, if any. You choose whether you want to use Ubuntu together with another OS such as Windows, if you want to upgrade an older installation of Ubuntu or if you want to replace the current operating system deleting all the files. At this point you can also opt to choose the partition sizes yourself. I chose to install Ubuntu along with Windows 7.
Choosing if you want to replace or upgrade an existing operating system, or if you just want to add a new one.
How much space?: If you selected one of the easy routes, on this screen you’ll be able to choose how much space to allocate for the new Ubuntu installation with a slider. That’s right, no more allocating space for 3 smaller partitions, it’s done for you. How much space you need for Ubuntu depends on how you are planning to use it and whether you want your media files on it or not. Ubuntu can access the files on your other partitions so it’s all up to you.
Selecting how much hard disk space will be used by Ubuntu.
Installing Ubuntu: At this stage, Ubuntu begins copying its files to the space you allocated for it on your hard disk drive. However, while waiting for the files to get copied (and for updates to be downloaded, if you chose to setup your Internet connection) you get to customize your Ubuntu installation a little. Customizations at this stage include your timezone, keyboard settings and basic user information.
Selecting the timezone as a part of the Ubuntu installation. If you chose your location at the start of the Ubuntu installation, your timezone will already be selected.
At this stage, you can select your keyboard from the list or take the funnier way of pressing the requested keys and see Ubuntu figure your keyboard out.
On this screen, your username and login settings are determined. After this point, all you have to do is wait for the Ubuntu installation to finish.
Enjoy Ubuntu: At this point, the installation is complete and Ubuntu will ask you to restart your computer. After the restart, you will be able to choose Ubuntu from a list if you chose to install Ubuntu alongside another operating system like Windows. Here is a screenshot which shows how your Ubuntu desktop will look like right after installation:
The Ubuntu Desktop right after installation. You should probably remove some of the shortcuts to the left.
I guess this is enough about Ubuntu for now. I may write again later about the new features but now I have to go customize all the settings. Bwahaha :)